Indian Yellowtail Angelfish


$ 51.66 

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Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Temperament: Aggressive
Reef Compatible: With Caution
Water Conditions: 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025
Max. Size: 8"
Color Form: Black, Yellow
Diet: Omnivore

The Xanthurus Cream Angelfish adapts readily to aquarium life. It requires a minimum of a 125 gallon tank or larger with lots of hiding places and live rock for grazing will offer an environment in which to thrive. It is prone to nip at stony and soft corals (sessile invertebrates) and clam mantles. Only one specimen should be kept per tank.

It is hermaphroditic, and there are no distinguishing features which differentiate males from females.

The juvenile is very similar to the adult, though slightly lighter. So no matter what its stage of development, the specimen you get will immediately give your tank the attractive showpiece you are looking for. The coloring of this small beauty has led to a number of descriptive common names including Cream Angelfish, Smoke Angelfish, Yellowtail Angelfish, Yellowtail Black Angelfish, Xanthurus Cream Angelfish, Xanthurus Angelfish, and Indian Yellowtail Pygmy Angel.

There are only 9 species in the Apolemichthys genus and this fish is very similar in appearance to its close relative, the Yellow-ear Angelfish Apolemichthys xanthotis. Both species possess the same general color pattern and form, but there are some slight differences. The black on the Yellow-ear is much more extensive around the entire border and the dark brown on its face extends further back, past the base of its pectoral fin, while on the Yellowtail it stops just before this fin base. In shape, the Indian Yellowtail is deeper bodied with a shorter snout and a slightly larger eye. It is also similar in appearance to the Vermiculated Angelfish Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus. Though the Vermiculate Angel is slightly larger, at about 7 inches (18 cm) in length, and has a many more (and smaller) scales along the lateral line.

The Apolemichthys genus contains some of the hardiest of the angelfishes and out of this group, this species is one of the easiest to keep. It is well suited for the beginning aquarist. Most angelfish tend to be big fish that require a very large system, but with this angel's small size it is a much better choice for most aquarists. Although it does not need hundreds of gallons it still needs a 75 gallon tank due to its active nature. Having rock work that has some naturally growing algae on it, and formed into nooks and crannies for hiding places, will help it quickly adjust to aquarium life. Though initially shy, once established it will become a bold and showy fish. It will accept a variety of aquarium foods and will even eventually eat out of your hand.

This angelfish is mostly peaceful with other fish, though sometimes adults and sub-adults will pick on the more passive species. This is especially true if the tank is too small or you add new fish after the angelfish is well established and "owns" its space. It can be kept with other angelfish in a system of at least 180 gallons, but it does need to be added first. This is a fairly passive species, not nearly as scrappy as many of its family. So only when it is full grown and established can it be housed with the more aggressive Pomacanthus species and smaller Holacanthus species.